An addiction intervention is a coordinated effort by a group of individuals — typically family and friends — designed to influence a person into drug or alcohol rehabilitation. This technique has been used to address a wide range of behaviors including substance abuse, gambling, smoking and overeating. Addiction intervention is not a type of treatment, but rather a means to initiate treatment.
Direct vs. Invitational Addiction Interventions
Developed in the ’60s, interventions have become either direct or invitational. Each has strong points, but invitational intervention is becoming the dominant procedure; an issue with direct intervention that has caused it to come under fire is its confrontational approach and emphasis on the individual and his or her issues. Invitational, however, shifts the emphasis from the individual’s self-destruction and refocuses on how the destructive behavior or activity is negatively affecting those around the addict, which created a shared responsibility in helping among the intervention group members.
Systemic and ARISE
Invitational intervention is patterned on two models: systematic and ARISE, each model emphasizing the addict’s dignity and humanity.
In brief, a systematic intervention approach is designed to get the addict away from his or her current state to the desired sober state. In order to accomplish this, it’s necessary to recognize the gap that exists between the two states, and identify and employ methods to bring about movement. The ARISE model uses an individual’s support system as motivation to seek treatment.