Suboxone is used in the treatment of opiate addictions, and is a combination of buprenorphine and naloxone. Buprenorphine is an opiate derivative and is similar to morphine. However, its effects are not as intense and as such may be easier to quit. Naloxone is intended to block the effects of opioids.
Suboxone is administered sublingually and dissolves in about fifteen minutes. If chewed or sucked, its has no therapeutic benefit. If injected, the naloxone blocks the effects of the buprenorphine and is followed by the onset of withdrawal symptoms similar to opioid addiction. Proper use does not impede the benefits of the buprenorphine.
Suboxone is beginning to replace methadone as the preferred medical treatment for opiate addictions and is the first narcotic that can be prescribed by physicians for the treatment of opiate dependence. Naloxone is designed to prevent intravenous abuse while reducing the symptoms of dependence. Adults and adolescents older than sixteen who have agreed to treatment are the primary candidates.
Suboxone Detox Procedure
Suboxone, administered in treatment programs that typically last six months, is not generally used for detoxification, but for maintenance. The success rate of Suboxone treatment has been high (30-70%) in ideal candidates — older addicts now working and want stability and sobriety. Generally, the individual may have had multiple relapses following detoxification and therapy, but now wants to break from the addiction cycle. Those who have participated in the Suboxone procedure appear to adjust quickly to the dug; in addition to controlling cravings and withdrawal, it temporarily blocks the euphoric effects of any opiate, and the chance of relapse is diminished.
Detoxification occurs first, then the patient begins treatment with Suboxone with a gradual introduction. The dosage increases until the optimal amount is reached. As therapy progresses and the patient learns how to properly self-administer the drug, the patient must visit the doctor on a limited basis and Suboxone can be prescribed on a take-home basis. During this time, recovering addicts cease use of the drug and move into drug-free recovery.
Despite the presence of Naloxone, the risk for abuse still exists. Because Suboxone is an opioid, dependence on the drug and fatal overdoses are possible, albeit greatly reduced.
If you feel you or your loved one must be placed in a rehabilitation treatment center for Suboxone abuse, please call 888-373-5963 or fill out a patient placement form and The Way Out Recovery will aid in placement.