Ketamine (also known as Special K or Vitamin K) is a “club drug” and dissociative anesthetic, its primary use in veterinary medicine. Ketamine distorts sight and sound perceptions and induces feelings of detachment from the self and the environment, similar to the effects of PCP.
Ketamine is a legally controlled substance. However, it is also widely used for recreational purpose due to its hallucinogenic properties. Ketamine is one of the most popular club drugs. Most supply of the drug that is sold on the streets is stolen from legal places such as veterinary clinics and hospitals.
Ketamine is most commonly snorted or injected intramuscularly. While low doses impair attention, learning ability and memory, higher doses can cause dreamlike states and hallucinations. At its highest dosage, ketamine can impair motor skills, induce delirium and amnesia, and result in potentially fatal respiratory problems.
Some abusers of ketamine have exhibited behavior that is similar to that seen in some cocaine-or amphetamine-dependent individuals. Ketamine users can develop signs of tolerance, cravings for the drug and withdrawal symptoms.
Signs and Symptoms of Ketamine Addiction
People high on Ketamine tend to show a plethora of signs and symptoms that can be instantly caught. The person will start talking endlessly about things that you may not even be aware of or may find difficult to understand. A person is high on Ketamine is considered to be on a trip, which may be a bad experience or a good one. Here are some signs to look for Ketamine Addictions:
- Dilated pupils
- Walking in slow motion
- Sense of paralysis
- Changes in personality
- Distorted perceptions
- Increase or loss of appetite
- Increased heart rate
Effects of Ketamine Addiction
Even though Ketamine does not really fit the traditional definition of addiction, this does not mean that regular users do not suffer from the consequences. People with undiagnosed or untreated or mental health condition such as panic attacks, depression or anxiety can become psychologically addicted to the drug. Most people even try self medicating themselves with Ketamine and ending up abusing the drug, leading to mild to severe psychological and physiological symptoms. Others who are genetically linked to the addiction may have trouble breaking free. Regardless of the reason, if someone has started taking Ketamine for recreational purpose and now are addicted, they will need help to overcome it. Here are some effects of Ketamine addiction that you should know about:
Short Term Effects
- Bad hallucination
- General confusion
- Increase in heart rate
- Elevated blood pressure
Long Term Effects
- Motor function impairment
- Increased blood pressure
- Possibly fatal respiratory problems
- Intense abdominal cramping
- Bloody urine
- Difficulty learning new things
- Poor memories
- Chronic depression
Ketamine Addiction Statistics and Facts
Ketamine is a very popular club drug and widely used in rave culture. According to a recent study conducted in the University of Michigan, the prevalence rate of Ketamine addiction among secondary school students in America varied between 0.8-2.5 percent.
In 2006, the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) reported that 0.1% for people aged 12 or older use Ketamine. An estimated 2.3 million people in the US aged 12 or older used Ketamine once in their lifetime. In 2009, use of Ketamine was reported as 1.0 percent users of 8th grade, 1.3 percent users of 10th grader, and 1.7 percent of users 12th-grade. Statistics from CRDA also show that the number of Ketamine users in Hong Kong has increased from 1605 in 2000 to 5212 in 2009.
It would be interesting to see if the authorities can take certain effective measures to control the rapid growth of this addiction. With a lot of people already affected by this rage, there’s a need to take some strong measures to make sure they don’t fall prey to such addictions.
Although Ketamine is popular drug in the United States, it has become relatively popular in other parts of the world as well like Europe, Asia and Australia.
Being a dissociative anesthetic, Ketamine is known to cause reactions similar to that of PCP. Some of the most common reactions include numbness, out of body experiences, euphoria, hallucinations, distorted of perceptions and depression. This drug can be taken orally, as well as injected into the bloodstream. However, it is most commonly consumed in the form of tablet and liquid.
Ketamine is water soluble, colorless and tasteless. At high doses, an individual may start having out of body type of experiences. Some experiences may even be terrifying and result in “near death” experience, also known as “K-hole” experience.
Unlike other hallucinogens, the hallucinations from Ketamine only last for a couple of hours, but after a “trip”, the effects take time to wear off. The person may take some time to come back to the real world and can even have difficulty in remembering his name, and other whereabouts.
There are many slang terms used for Ketamine such as “K”, “Special K”, “K2″, “Blind Squid”, “Vitamin K”, “Super K”, “Cat Valium”, “Jet”, “Super Acid”, “Kitty”, “Psychedelic Heroin” and “New Ecstasy.”
If you feel you or your loved one must be placed in a rehabilitation treatment center for Ketamine abuse, please call 888-373-5963 or fill out a patient placement form and The Way Out Recovery will aid in placement.