Crack Cocaine Addiction – Signs, Symptoms and Treatment

Crack cocaine is one of the most difficult addictions to overcome. The first step is complete detoxification, followed by a complete physical and psychological profiling that will develop the most effective program. Attendance in a long-term, inpatient facility for at least 90 days, along with elaborate post-release support systems are necessary to ensure a successful recovery.

If you feel your loved one must be placed in a rehabilitation treatment center for crack cocaine addiction, please call 1-877-929-6887 or fill out a patient placement form and The Way Out Recovery will aid in placement.

Crack Cocaine Overview

Crack cocaine is a powerful, highly addictive stimulant derived from powdered cocaine using a simple conversion process. It produces an immediate high and, because it’s easy and inexpensive to produce, is readily available and affordable.

Crack is made by dissolving powdered cocaine in a mixture of water and ammonia or baking soda, then boiled until a white or off-white solid substance forms. This solid crack cocaine is then removed from the liquid, dried and broken into the chunks (or rocks) for distribution.

Crack is nearly always smoked, a delivery system that sends large quantities of the drug to the lungs, which produces an immediate and intense euphoric effect.

Statistics indicate that abusers can be found in people across every demographic, and data shows more than six million in the U.S. have tried crack cocaine at least once. Almost one-and-a-quarter-million are between 12-25, and almost 4% of high school seniors have used crack cocaine at least once.

Crack Cocaine Effects

In addition to the usual risks associated with cocaine use:

  • Constricted blood vessels
  • Increased temperature
  • Increased heart rate and blood pressure
  • Risk of cardiac arrest
  • Seizures

Crack users may also experience:

  • Acute respiratory problems
  • Including lung trauma and bleeding

Crack cocaine smoking can also cause aggressive and paranoid behavior.